PDF Print E-mail





About Lithuania


Lithuania is the southernmost of the three Baltic States – and the largest and most populous of them. Lithuania was the first occupied Soviet republic to break free from the Soviet Union and restore its sovereignty via the declaration of independence on 11 March 1990. Lithuania has 758 rivers, more than 2 800 lakes and 99 km of the Baltic Sea coastline, which are mostly devoted to recreation and nature preservation. The capital, Vilnius, is a picturesque city on the banks of the rivers Neris and Vilnia, and the architecture within the old part of the city is some of Eastern Europe’s finest. 


Interesting facts about Lithuania

  • By the end of the fourteenth century, Lithuania was the largest country in Europe
  • Lithuania is divided into 10 counties, 60 municipalities, and 500 administrative areas. 
  • The estimated population for 2007 was 3,575,439.
  • Lithuania covers an area of approximately 65,300 sq km (25,212 sq miles) and is about the same size as West Virginia.
  • Lithuanian is one of the oldest languages in Europe.
  • Juozapines Hill (294 m) is the highest point in Lithuania, while the largest and longest river in the country is Nemunas. 
  • Lithuania had only one king during the royal times, King Mindaugas. 
  • Lithuanians were the first in the world to invent a way to make vodka from corn. 
  • Lithuania is the country with the largest number of hot air balloons per resident. And Vilnius is one of a few European capitals where you can fly with hot air balloons.


Practical Information

Local currency: The local currency in Lithuania is the Litas (Lt).

Vaccinations: No specific vaccinations are required for Lithuania.

Time Differences: Lithuania falls into GMT+2 time zone. Lithuania operates daylight saving time. See the local time in Lithuania: http://localtimes.info/Europe/Lithuania/.

Electric Power Voltage: In Lithuania 220V (50Hz) electrical outlets are standard.

Weather:  The average air temperature in September is 12°C, but the temperature can range from  25°C to -3 -5°C.


In case of emergency

The emergency number in Lithuania is the 112 - the European emergency number.


Useful links

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Lithuania:  


Weather information: 


Map of Lithuania: 




About Vilnius


Vilnius is the capital of Lithuania, and its largest city, with a population of 535,091 (809,225 including with Vilnius County) as of 2011. It is located in the southeast of the country. It is the second biggest city of the Baltic States, after Riga. The first known written record of Vilnius as the Lithuanian capital is known from Gediminas' letters in 1323. Vilnius is classified as a Gamma global city according to GaWC studies, and is known for its Old Town’s beautiful architecture, declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1994. Vilnius was the European Capital of Culture in 2009, together with the Austrian city of Linz.


Interesting facts about Vilnius       

  • Buildings cover 20,2% of the city, and of the remaining areas; green areas cover 43,9% and 2,1% is covered by water. 

  • In an international survey Vilnius is rated as the safest capital in the Baltic States, and safer than many other European capitals. 

  • Vilnius, the capital of Lithuania, is one of the most frequently visited cities of Eastern Europe. 

  • The historical centre of Vilnius, the Old Town (Senamiestis), is one of the largest old town centres in Eastern Europe (covering almost 360 hectares). 

  • Vilnius’ infrastructure started developing faster in the middle of the 19th century, when the rail line St. Petersburg – Vilnius was built. A new central street of the city, Georgij Avenue, was constructed. 

  • Although Vilnius is often referred to as a Baroque city, several other European architectual styles can be found in Vilnius, from Gothic to Renaissance, Classicism, and Jugendstil.

  •  Vilnius is also the biggest administrative center of Lithuania. It is the home to the most important governmental, political, economic, social and political institutions of the country


Useful links

Information about Vilnius: 

About Vilnius in Russian: